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eswube
Post subject: East German Airlines in FD ScalePosted: April 2nd, 2013, 4:41 pm
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Welcome to my new FD thread. :)
It was born largely out of sentiment - when I was a kid I had a big metal toy Il-62 in Interflug livery (or very similar), powered by friction motor.
Like these:
http://www.ebay.com/sch/sis.html?_nkw=V ... 0825552009
(after seeing these prices, I must say that I would really like to know what happened to it... :( )

When I was drawing Il-62 for Polish Wings thread, I reminded myself about that toy, and thougth it would be cool to draw that plane... And here are the results of these thoughts... ;)

General note: various (internet) sources differed significantly regarding the quantity of airplanes operated by the East German airlines, therefore I decided to follow the source that was giving most details - if it was wrong - then I'm sorry.

Note on registration markings: initially German Democratic Republic was using DDR- registrations, in 1956 they were changed to DM- and in 1981 again to DDR-.

Deutsche Lufthansa GmbH der DDR - DLH (DDR) or DLH (Ost)

First airline of the German Democratic Republic was established on 1 july 1955. Shortly earlier, on 27 april 1955 East Berlin's main airport, Berlin-Schönefeld was transferred from the Soviet control to East German one. Also, up until that time all airline connections to East Germany were operated by foreign lines, mainly Aeroflot. The newly-created airline, which was also to be GDR's flag carrier, was named Deutsche Lufthansa Gesselschaft mit beschränkter Haftung, after the pre-war German airline Deutsche Luft Hansa and mirroring the Deutsche Lufthansa Aktiengesellschaft recently (1954) formed in the West Germany.

For political reasons all equipment of the new airline had to be purchased from the other Soviet-bloc countries. Also the flight crews were initially composed of Soviet citizens. First flight of the line took place on 16 september 1955, when the then-prime minister of GDR, Otto Grotewohl, travelled with official visit to Moscow. Scheduled operations begun on 4 february 1956 with the opening of the Berlin-Warsaw line. In the same year international lines to Moscow (via Vilnius), Prague, Budapest, Bucuresti and Sofia were established, as well as domestic line to Leipzig. In 1958 domestic lines to Dresden, Erfurt and Karl-Marx-Stadt (Chemnitz) were opened, as well as holiday line to Barth. Finally, in 1960 international lines to Belgrade and Tirana were opened.

Contrary to the West German DLH AG which purchased the rights to the brand from the liquidation assets of the pre-1945 line, East German Lufthansa used the brand in a legally-dubious way (politely speaking). That peculiar situation lasted for several years, however, and it's said (perhaps apocryphally) that it was ended only due to the CEO of the Western Lufthansa being enraged after he saw a photograph of Convair 240 and Iliushin 14 sitting side-by-side at the Vienna airport, both carrying liveries of their respective Lufthansas. West German airline filled a lawsuit in Yugoslavia in 1963, losing of which forced East Germany to dissolve the Deutsche Lufthansa GmbH der DDR and to transfer it's assets and personnel to it's second airline - Interflug.

First airliner operated by the DLH der DDR was Ilyushin 14P. First six of them were delivered in 1955 (DDR-ABA/DM-SBA, DDR-ABF/DM-SBF, DDR-ABL/DM-SBL, DDR-ABX/DM-SBX and DDR-ABZ/DM-SBZ), nine in 1956 (DM-SBI, -SBM, -SBO, -SBR, -SBS, -SBU, -SBV, -SBW, -SBY), nine in 1957 (DM-SBE, -SAA, -SAB, -SAC, -SAD, -SAE, -SAF, -SAG, -SAH), three in 1958 (DM-SAI, -SAK, -SAL) and three more in 1959 (DM-SAM, -SAN, -SAO) to a total of 29. Additionaly three more were chartered in 1968 and 1969 (one from the Air Force, one from Hungarian MALEV and one from Polish LOT). Their numbers were shrinking however already since 1957 when East German Air Force took over two of them (DM-SBM and -SBS) and two more in 1961 (DM-SBZ and -SAA).

Note the lack of East German coat of arms on the fin flags.
[ img ]

Next planes operated by the line were small Czechoslovak Aero Ae-45's used for taxi and service flights. Six were purchased between 1956 and 1957 (DM-SGA, -SGB, -SGC, -SGD, -SGE, -SGF). Already in 1960 DM-SGF was written off after belly-landing, DM-SGA was retired and DM-SGC was sold to Kenya. DM-SGE was transferred to Air Force in 1961 and remaining two planes followed year later.

[ img ]

Since 1957 DLH der DDR operated a total of 23 Antonov 2 biplanes (registrations in the DM-SK_ format). Majority of them were used as crop-dusters, while seven were in passenger variant, used mostly on the line to Karl-Marx-Stadt whose airport had only grass runway, incapable of operating heavy planes.

Many thanks to Gollevainen for his Antonov An-2 and to WhyMe for his drawings of it. I allowed myself to make certain changes to it, mainly in the engine and tail area, as well as to modify the riveting.
[ img ]


Last - and largest - airplane used by East German Lufthansa was four-engined Ilyushin 18. Three were delivered in 1960 (DM-STA, -STB, -STC) and two more in 1962 (DM-STF, -STG).

[ img ]

To be continued...

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Last edited by eswube on January 25th, 2015, 8:44 pm, edited 3 times in total.

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schepper911
Post subject: Re: East German Airlines in FD ScalePosted: April 2nd, 2013, 4:55 pm
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again an marvelous thread worth waiting for new drawings, as usual you give us marvelous planes and very very interesting history, didn't know about those planes keep up the marvelous work looking out for new planes


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BB1987
Post subject: Re: East German Airlines in FD ScalePosted: April 2nd, 2013, 4:59 pm
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:shock:
wunderbar

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Novice
Post subject: Re: East German Airlines in FD ScalePosted: April 2nd, 2013, 8:47 pm
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Wonderfull thread eswube, in line with the Polish wings set. Excellent work my friend.

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Rhade
Post subject: Re: East German Airlines in FD ScalePosted: April 3rd, 2013, 6:46 am
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Well we can start call it a Eswubemazing! level of thread. :D

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Hood
Post subject: Re: East German Airlines in FD ScalePosted: April 3rd, 2013, 12:14 pm
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Another interesting thread, good history and its nice to see these old liveries come to life again.

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DG_Alpha
Post subject: Re: East German Airlines in FD ScalePosted: April 3rd, 2013, 6:54 pm
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Fantastic work on those. Keep up the good work!

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KimWerner
Post subject: Re: East German Airlines in FD ScalePosted: April 3rd, 2013, 7:54 pm
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This mixture of splendid drawings and very interesting history from my own childhood is just fantastic! Thank you Eswube :)

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Bombhead
Post subject: Re: East German Airlines in FD ScalePosted: April 3rd, 2013, 8:15 pm
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More superb drawings. Eswube our next FD master in the making.


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eswube
Post subject: Re: East German Airlines in FD ScalePosted: April 4th, 2013, 8:08 am
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Thank You, thank You. :)
I hope to keep You interested in this thread for the several weeks to come.
(Not mentioning the Polish Wings that will still continue at its own pace, but now under Rhade's enlightened leadership - and still with some of my new work in it :) )

I'm planning to add further additions to this thread on wednesdays and sundays - in total I plan it for 8 parts.

@KimWerner
You're welcome. I'm happy to bring You some nice memories. :)

@Bombhead
I admire greatly the work of already established FD masters, but this title somewhat implies that the artist is drawing only (or almost only) in that scale, while I haven't ceased to work in SB scale - just have a pause from it, but I'm planning to start adding ships again within a week or so - and have lots of plans regarding them. :)

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